The island was discovered by Europeans when Christopher Columbus landed in the New World.
The Spanish claim the Island. Many of the indigenous Arawak community dies off from exposure to European diseases.
Jamaica is seized by the British.
Treaty of Madrid: Jamaica formally handed over to the British by the Spanish.
The Jamaican capital Port Royal is destroyed by an earthquake, Spanish Town becomes the new capital and Kingston is founded.
The first Maroon war between the British and the Maroons.
The British signed a treaty which gave the Maroons their five main towns (Accompong, Trelawny Town, Moore Town, Scots Hall, Nanny Town), living under their own rulers.
The Second Maroon War of between the Maroons of Trelawny Parish, Jamaica and the British.
The Morant Bay rebellion. Freed slaves are quelled in their rebellion against the British and Jamaica becomes a crown colony.
The Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) is Founded by Marcus Garvey
Riots and the People’s National Party (PNP) is founded by Norman Manley.
The Jamaica Labour Party was founded by Alexander Bustamante as the political wing of the Bustamante Industrial Trade Union.
Jamaica becomes a member of the Federation of the West Indies.
Jamaican withdrawal from the Federation of the West Indies.
Jamaica became Independent. Alexander Bustamante is elected first prime minister.
H.I.M. Haile Selassie I’s visit to Jamaica
Bob Marley dies.
Hurricane Gilbert devastates the island.
Portia Simpson Miller becomes Jamaica’s first female PM.